Find out how age-related macular degeneration is diagnosed and treated
Causes of Macular Degeneration
This condition commonly occurs in older people and is one of the leading causes of vision loss. Macular degeneration is likely genetic. Hence, people with a family history of this condition are at higher risk of having it. Factors like smoking and health conditions, such as high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol, can increase susceptibility to this condition.
Treatment Options for Macular Degeneration
There is no full cure for macular degeneration. However, different treatment options may help slow down the loss of vision caused by this condition significantly. These include:
These are medications designed to block the creation of new blood vessels and prevent blood vessel leakage, which is the main cause of wet macular
High-powered laser light can be used to destroy abnormal blood vessel growth in the eye.
Photodynamic laser therapy:
This involves injecting a light-sensitive drug into the bloodstream which is then absorbed by the abnormal blood vessels in the eye. This medication is activated when laser light is shined into the eyes.
Macular Degeneration Prevention
According to several studies, it is possible to slow down dry AMD using vitamin C and E supplements. Supplements of zinc, copper, lutein, and zeaxanthin may also help prevent this condition. Speak to your eye doctor to determine if these supplements will be helpful for you.
What Is The Outlook For People With This Condition?
Age-related macular degeneration rarely leads to a total loss of vision. Dry macular degeneration affects central vision and may degenerate slowly with time, but patients will still be able to go about their daily activities normally. The wet form is less forgiving, as it can lead to permanent vision loss and affect the overall quality of life of patients especially if both eyes are affected. This is why you should have your vision checked regularly and seek the advice of a Round Rock Eye Consultants to learn more!