The lens in our eye is normally clear to allow the light coming from an image to pass through. When the lens become cloudy during the development of a cataract, vision loss occurs. While it is more common in the elderly, young people can also develop cataracts due to a variety of reasons. Patients with a cataract often have symptoms such as blurred vision, glare, halos, fading of colors and frequent eyeglass prescription changes.
Cataracts are treated surgically by replacing the abnormal lens with a new lens implant. In the United States, over 1.5 million people undergo cataract surgery each year. Cataract surgery is generally very successful as more than 95% of these surgeries occur without serious complications.
Round Rock Eye Consultants now offers laser-assisted cataract surgery in addition to traditional cataract surgery. The laser provides more predictability and precision. In general, we do the surgery under local anesthesia using only drops and no injection. The duration of the operation is brief. Only a small incision is needed to insert a foldable lens implant. In general, the incision seals without needing a suture. With very little trauma, the return of vision is often quite rapid as is the return to normal daily activities. Your doctor will ask you to complete a course of medicated eye drops, which will aid in the recovery and prevent complications.
When the cloudy natural lens is removed during the cataract procedure, it is replaced with a clear artificial lens. That lens is called an intraocular lens (IOL). Your ophthalmologist measures your eye before surgery to set the proper focusing power for your IOL. There are a number of options when choosing an IOL, including astigmatism correcting IOLs (toric) and multifocal (bifocal) IOLs. These options help to reduce the need for glasses after surgery.
Although cataract surgery is generally extremely safe and successful, complications can sometimes occur and a perfect result cannot be guaranteed. A visit with our doctors can tell you whether a cataract or some other problem is the cause of your visual difficulties. We can help you decide if cataract surgery is appropriate for you and which type of procedure and lens implant is best suited for you.