What Is Dry Eye Disease?
Dry eye disease is a condition that is characterized by the eye not producing enough tears or producing low-quality tears that are unable to lubricate the eyes. This has been attributed to a variety of causes, mainly age and some medical conditions. This instability in tear production in the eyes can lead to inflammations, damage to the eye surface, and other complications.
Dry Eyes Risk Factors
Age is a major risk factor for this condition. However, there are other risk factors for dry eye diseases. The following people are at a higher risk of developing this condition:
- People older than 50 years: Tear production generally diminishes as we age, which is why dry eyes occur more commonly in people above 50 years of age.
- Women: Women are at a higher risk of developing dry eyes disease compared to men. This is mainly caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause or as a result of some birth control pills.
- Diet and lifestyle: Living on a diet deficient in vitamin A and Omega-3 fatty acids can lead to dry eye disease. Those who use contact lenses or have had refractive surgery in the past may also suffer from dry eyes.
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Complications Caused By Dry Eyes
A dry eye is not always a problem on its own. However, it can lead to various complications with debilitating effects which include:
- Eye infections: Since tears serve the purpose of protecting the eye surface against infection, a lack of tears can increase the risk of infections.
- Damage to your eye surface: Severe dry eyes can cause inflammation, ulcers, and abrasion on the corneal surface, which may lead to vision loss if left untreated.
- Poor quality of life: Persistent dry eyes make it hard to carry out regular activities like reading, cycling, or staring at a screen.
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Our eye specialists at Round Rock Eye Consultants care about your health. We will sit down with you to examine your eyes and come up with the most sensible treatment plan. Reach out to us today to learn more or get started!
When to See a Round Rock Eye Doctor
If you have been experiencing symptoms of this condition for a long time, it is recommended that you see a Round Rock ophthalmologist promptly. Your doctor will carry out tests to ascertain the cause of the problem and recommend treatment options.